3. In carrying out the activities carried out under this agreement, States Parties promptly inform the Secretary-General and the public and the international scientific community of any phenomena they discover in space, including the Moon, which could endanger human life or health, as well as any reference to organic life. 2. States Parties are inspired by the principle of cooperation and mutual assistance in all their activities related to the research and use of the Moon. International cooperation in the implementation of this agreement should be as broad as possible and can be done on a multilateral, bilateral or through international intergovernmental organizations. WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The Trump administration is designing a legal plan to extract it from the moon as part of a new U.S.-sponsored international agreement called the Artemis Agreement, people familiar with the proposed pact told Reuters news agency. (1) All States Parties have the freedom of scientific inquiry on the Moon, without discrimination of any kind, on the basis of equality and in accordance with international law. The agreements, named after Nasa`s lunar program, Artemis, aim to build on existing international space law by creating “safe zones” that would surround future lunar bases to avoid conflicts between the states operating there and by allowing private companies to own the lunar resources they exploit. In the end, Artemis` agreements are still only a series of directives, with no defined enforcement mechanisms. There are no real consequences if a country signs the agreement and violates any of the provisions. However, Bridenstine hoped that the participation of other nations would be sufficient to ensure that countries behaved in accordance with the agreements.

“I think there can be a lot of pressure on countries that choose to be part of the Artemis programme but don`t follow the rules,” he said. In the decency of the achievements of states in the exploration and use of the Moon and other celestial bodies, knowing that the Moon, as a natural satellite of the Earth, plays an important role in the exploration of space, 5. States Parties to this Convention commit to establishing an international system, including appropriate procedures, to regulate the use of the Moon`s natural resources, as such exploitation will soon become possible. This provision is implemented in accordance with Article 18 of this agreement. 1. States Parties inform the Secretary-General of the United Nations as well as the public and the international scientific community, where possible and where possible, of their research and use of the Moon. For each mission to the Moon, information on time, purposes, locations, orbital parameters and duration must be provided as soon as possible after the mission is launched, whereas once the mission is complete, information on the results of each mission, including scientific results, must be provided. In the case of a multi-60-day mission, information on the implementation of the mission, including any scientific results, is communicated at regular 30-day intervals. For missions longer than six months, only significant additions to this information must be notified later.

The Trump administration and other space countries see the Moon as an important strategic asset in space. The Moon also has value for long-term scientific research that could enable future missions to Mars – activities under a regime of international space law widely considered obsolete. NASA`s program, which is expected to cost tens of billions of dollars, will send robotic robots to the surface of the Moon before landing across humans. NASA also plans to build a Lunar Gateway, a space station orbiting the Moon. The plans call for it to be built by a mix of NASA partners and international partners. WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Eight countries have signed an international pact for the exploration of the moon, called the Artemis Agreement,